Sports training courses have been and continue to be very important in all communities, Especially since sport has become a vital activity of all kinds around the world, Awareness of the importance of sport has also increased in various segments of society, particularly as home sitting periods and high well-being rates have increased.
Introduction to sports training courses
According to the public life of the individual, According to the needs of the individual and members of society, Various forms of training have become a process that plays an important role in contemporary society.
The training is designed to change an individual’s behavioral patterns by directing him to adopt the best methods based on a correct understanding of his or her personality and the determinants of his or her behavior.
Training is a means in itself and not an end. It is designed to give individuals a great opportunity to perform their duties as efficiently as possible. It is dedicated to the development and development of the physical, functional and mental abilities of individuals and the possibility of using them to greatest benefit them and the community around them.
In general, The training refers to “the process of continuous systematic preparation to develop an individual’s competencies and increase his or her competence to meet the requirements required to perform a particular job in order to achieve specific objectives in order to increase the productivity of the individual. individual and society.”
Sports training is a form of training in sports activities to improve the performance of athletes and make them reach a higher level in sports activities.
The concept of sports training as we will deal with in sports training courses:
There is a general framework that determines the course of sports training to increase the efficiency of the individual and prepare him to reach the highest level of physical activity.
Training – a term derived from the Latin word “traher” which means drag or attraction, In the past, it meant pulling the horse from a stable to a racetrack.
The definition of a sports training program can be given as follows:
“A planned educational process based on scientific foundations and educational rules aimed at developing the individual’s physical, motor, planning and mental abilities, increasing mental motivation and developing his personal and voluntary qualities.
The characteristics of sports training as we will deal with in sports training courses:
Physical training has characteristics that distinguish it from other areas of life. If training is to prepare students for practice activities, This means educational responsibility for physical activity. But if training is preparing the athlete for a higher purpose, It becomes the responsibility of training, education, physical strength, intelligence, skills, planning and psychology.
*The most important characteristics of sports training:
Trying to bring the individual to the highest level of activity he or she is engaged in
Specialization in the type of effectiveness or activity undertaken
Keep in mind the individual differences between athletes, Even if the results are close.
Develop all the physical forces of the type of activity involved as a single, interconnected and accredited unit
Regulating an individual’s life
Its reliance on scientific rules and foundations and other theoretical sciences
Physical training is characterized by driving through educational programs
The relationship between training and education as we will learn about sports training courses:
Since education is the acquisition of specialized theoretical knowledge, information and training is the process of acquiring practical skills and competencies, That’s why we find a relationship between education and training, Learners often find that what they learn does not contain an appropriate amount of useless training if there is no chance. structured training for them to provide at the beginning of the job, The first phase of their work is an unscheduled training period. And so, Education leads to training, Modern methods of training also require appropriate education.
Is training science or art?
Trainers can help if there is a wealth of scientific research-based information that is conducted on athletes. Information can be used to support coaches and athletes in all aspects of training, Including nutrition, biomechanics, psychology, physiology and medicine. Analysis of maximum respiratory energy for oxygen, lactate levels and rapid enemy technology. And much more.
Training is the art of taking scientific analysis of data trainers and turning it into training programs that help athletes accomplish. The method of this analysis depends heavily on the experience of the trainer and information about the physical activity for which he and the athlete train.
By understanding the science that is the basis of training, Design a good training program that helps improve the athlete to reach his full potential, Where art is through understanding and applying science.
Sports training objectives as we will learn about them in sports training courses :
Sports training, trainers and training institutions seek to achieve two main objectives through the sports training process:
Maintain the level of training status.
Improving the performance levels of physical and physiological (functional) conditions.
* These are the two main objectives that all physical training workers are working on, To achieve these two objectives, there are some specific objectives to be worked on:
Develop and improve overall physical readiness.
Focus on special physical preparations (special occasions).
– Adjust and master the artistic performance of the event.
Improving the performance and development of the programme.
Development and development of voluntary qualities (perseverance, self-confidence and boldness).
Get ready for the sports teams.
Avoiding injury is committed to developing athlete fitness.
Developing and enriching player information (training system, food, Game analysis, The relationship between the coach and the player and the relationship between the players, Tactical aspects).
The importance of sports training for individuals and society as we will learn about it in sports training courses:
If sports competitions have their place in every country in the world, The link between sport and politics.
Winning sports competitions has become the result of research, experience, science and practical experience.
Countries have long been interested in sharing information and hosting sports conferences for the safety of athletes and excellence in sports.
As technology evolves, Personal exercise has become a necessity for modern life.
Sports training helps create a broad base for young athletes to improve their level and discover talent with a sporting willingness to reach international levels in sports.
Sports training contributes to the psychological adjustment process of the individual as a member of society, It meets the needs of the individual with the capacity of society.
Sports training can improve an individual’s health.
Sports training increases functional efficiency and develops the level of physical and athletic ability of the individual, Thus increases its productivity.
Physical training helps promote the values of loyalty to society, responsibility and willingness to defend the homeland.
Sports training helps athletes control their emotional expression.
Prepare athletes to train themselves so that the post-training process becomes the profession they earn.
Planning and organizing training
Administrative and office planning.
• Organizing training
Or not: Administrative and office planning for training
Goal: By the end of the session, Participants will be able to:
Understanding and applying the importance of administrative and office planning in the training process.
• Learn how to organize training (before, during and after).
• Learn about the common seating positions in training.
Administrative and office planning of training refers to everything related to the training course and its organization, Except for the training itself, Which participants cannot see and cannot be included in the training content.
Secondly: Organizing training
The form in which training begins determines the pattern that training will follow. During the first training, People who don’t know each other formed initial impressions, Whether negative or positive, They are sensitive to topics such as location, trainer, training materials and the expected training process. Insufficient attention has been paid to this stage, and training can lead to increased tension, anxiety and misunderstanding, This may encourage early withdrawal from the cycle.
The training place and we will determine it in detail within the sports training courses
It is preferable to have a comfortable training place to help trainees focus on training. So keep in mind the right temperature, comfortable seats, spacious space and proper controllable lighting. The availability of aids such as blackboard, data display, video, paper and pen is basically also available. In the case of training hours, there should be clean toilets, rest and prayer areas, some drinks and light desserts.
The way the hall is arranged may help or hinder the success of training, forcing the trainer to stay in one corner of the training hall when the data display is not in the right place, so that he could not stand in the middle of it. View and display data, Because this would hinder the interactions required in training. When training stops several times due to a malfunction or lack of an auxiliary device having a pen to write on the blackboard makes the trainee bored and not focusing on training
Common forms of training sit-in and we’ll explain them more broadly in sports training courses
If there are a few trainees (approximately less than twenty people), It is best to sit in the form of three rectangles with the trainer standing on the fourth baldness area. This model allows participants to see each other, This facilitates dialogue, discussion and interaction. This arrangement enables the trainer to move within the rectangle, Learners can therefore be approached during conversations as well as during exercises or applications. If there are a small number of people (less than ten people), Students can sit in a hollow circle or hollow rectangle on the side of the bus.
It is inevitable to sit constantly with intensive training, But it’s best to be crescent-shaped so that some interns can see each other.
Sometimes training depends on individual application and doesn’t require much conversation, such as computer software education or welding training, So it is acceptable for the trainee to sit in any way, But consider the space that allows the coach to stand when needed. Explain to any trainee or help him or make sure that he performs the application healthily and considerately there is a distance between the trainees to allow the trainees to move to implement the application which varies according to the subject of training
Note that the trainee’s seating position may help or hinder some Training methods. For example, group participation in applications and case studies is not easy if participants sit in a row in a row, while sitting in groups on a round desk is useful for teamwork but not good for group interaction. Small sizes are grouped together because some are in the foreground and others are in the back
The timing of training is one of the important things we will address in sports training courses
If you have the ability to choose training time, Choose when the trainee is in a good mood, Which varies depending on the nature of the trainee. But in general, Training is not done immediately after leaving work, But it can be done before work (take workplace training as an example). Training is not recommended immediately after lunch. In external training, workers are either suspended during working hours or occur at night. Managers and employers sometimes feel that trainees take leave without permission during training and ask trainees to work before and after training, This reduces the understanding and concentration of trainees during training. . The trainee feels that his manager does not believe in the importance of training
In the case of training, Training is either in the form of five, six or seven hours of training per day, Or short-term training in or before working hours. Short-term training can be useful, Trainees may lose focus during training for five or six hours. In the case of continuous training for several hours, the rest period is one and a half hours, Like three or a half hours, Mission for trainees to resume their activities. Don’t wait until you’re tired, Although the coach exerts more energy than the student, Usually the student gets tired faster than the coach.
Rules (foundations) of sports training as we will learn about it in sports training courses
General preparation rule:
World figures indicate the development of the player in all respects and the integration of his mind and body, Adherence to this principle is the basis for the player’s access to a higher level.
The figure in its comprehensive and complete sense refers to the growth and development of internal organs at each training stage, and reach a certain level, So as to get the required athletic performance.
It is divided into two parts:
General physical preparation:
It means developing general physical abilities such as strength, speed, endurance, flexibility and agility.
B- Your physical preparation:
It’s about developing the ability to play basketball effectively.
For example Basketball players can’t master scoring when they lack the strength of the lower body muscles that help jump.
2- The rule of regularity:
It is a specific period of time in which the training program is implemented according to the plan developed and is applied periodically during the classification and increases the difficulty and requirements.
3- The rule of continuity:
The training process must be continuous as a basis for reaching higher levels.
4- The rule of assay:
Choose sports, movements and games suitable for your physical and mental health, skill level, sex and age at all stages of development.
5- The knowledge base:
Learn the basic concepts of training, and understand the effects of each physical activity, And how to implement it in detail in a way that allows you to gain technical skills and plan successfully in less time and that’s what we’ll focus on in sports training courses
Give a clear idea of skills or any clear, correct and complete technical and tactical plan.
The rule of diversification and change:
The rule emphasizes the need to develop training programs in sports training courses on the basis of diversification and switching between different activities and exercises.
8- The rule of repetition or replay:
This rule determines the frequency of exercises and movements on the one hand, On the other hand, training units and services are repeated.
9- Independent and group training base:
The degree and level of training and fitness of each player is a key factor in the quantity and quality of the training unit development formulations and we will learn about all these rules within the sports training courses
Principles of sports training as we will be mentioned in sports training courses
Sports training courses are designed to improve performance levels by developing energy sources, and increase muscle structure, And develop skills in the nervous system. Sports pharmacologists have a basic understanding of the principles of training and use this knowledge to evaluate training programs to maintain athletes’ health and prevent injury. Training theory covers all areas of physical health knowledge, including social, psychological and scientific. Coaches combine this information with their personal knowledge of the player to write the best training plan to get the best results from the player.
1- The principle of gradual pregnancy
Critical systems can accommodate higher loads than normal daily activities. Training pregnancy should be gradually increased to allow the body to adapt better and prevent injury. Diversity in the type, size and intensity of training can allow the body to return to excessive compensation. Pregnancy should continue to increase gradually let adaptation happen, Etc. The impact of sports training sessions stops at a certain point and the player’s performance is not allowed to evolve further.
The principle of adaptation:
Adaptation to training requirements occurs gradually over a relatively long period of time. Efforts to speed up adaptation often lead to injury, illness or overtraining. Many adjustments that occur when training stops or stops are reversed. An inappropriate training pregnancy will not provide us with the necessary training incentive and will not be able to receive the necessary compensation. The chart below shows the impact of different training loads:
3- The principle of specialization:
Power lines, enzyme systems, muscle fiber types and neuromuscular responses are specifically designed for the type of training used.
For example Weight training has a relatively small impact on endurance, While endurance training activates the air traffic line, Which has a relatively small impact on speed and strength, and we’ll take up various types of training in sports training courses.
A good training program should include different physical elements (aerobic, anaerobic, speed, force, Flexibility …) It should also activate key muscle groups to prevent deficiencies (muscle balance) and prevent injury.
4- The principle of return – return:
If players do not receive regular and unified training, This will lead to poor fitness, below the required level, The body must therefore undergo regular and continuous sports training courses in order to obtain the required training benefits and modifications.
The principle of diversity and hospitalization:
Muscle groups adapt to specific training triggers over a period of 3 weeks within sports training courses and then stabilize.
Different exercises with appropriate breaks allow players to increase their training load without the risk of injury or extreme fatigue.
Training units must vary between strong, light and mild until healing occurs.
You should also diversify the content of the training program to break the boredom and predicament.
The principle of individual response:
Each player responds differently to the same training incentives.
There are many factors that determine the quality of response to stimuli, They are (genetics, sex, nutrition, environment, and the amount of sleep, comfort, disease, And motivation disorder, Etc.).
The principle of planning training units:
The training program within the sports training courses must include many characteristics, Such as: Healthy circulation and respiratory tract, And the general power, Anaerobic fitness, speed, Skills development (muscle nerve), flexibility, and mental readiness.
The amount of effort allocated to the above features of the training program must vary depending on the length of the training year, But also on the type of activity and level of experience of the player.
In general, The basic setting of all programs should focus on general strength and heart fitness.
Sports training courses usually take 3 weeks, With a week of low-intensity training before the next session begins.
Skills training should not be done in hard-duty sports training courses, But in low intensity or low-intensity sports training courses.
8- The principle of continuity:
Fitness that occurs during high-intensity sports training sessions can be demonstrated with moderate effort. Therefore, With the schedule of sports training courses, Some parameters maintain the same efficiency using a low load, Other parameters must remain normal.