حقيبتك الأفضل عربيا في تطوير المحتوي التدريبي
حقيبتك الشريك الأول لك فى تطوير المحتوى التدريبي فى الوطن العربي.

First aid immediate and temporary medical attention; [1] It aims to restore it to optimal health through simple therapeutic tools or skills so that comprehensive medical assistance is available. It is usually a simple set of medical steps but usually saves the life of the infected person, The first responder (paramedic) does not need high medical skills or techniques because it is sufficient to train first aid skills using minimal equipment.

First Aid Date

The concept of first aid first appeared in Europe in the 11th century AD in the Knights of St. John, who were part of the Crusades and trained them to help the wounded in battle. The concept of the wounded and sick in the war existed in Eastern civilization. Nursing and ambulance services have long been one of women’s main tasks during war and combat.

First aid targets

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The main objective ofthe first aid is to prevent death or deterioration and serious injury. The main first aid objectives can be summarized in three main points:

  1. Preserving life
  2. Stop injury or damage, such as removing the patient from the source of the injury or the scene, And press the wound to stop the bleeding.
  3. Promotes healing by providing initial treatment for injury.

War and armed conflict played an important role in the development of the concept of first aid. The American Civil War prompted Clara Patton to organize what became known as the American Red Cross.

First aid supplies

Driver first aid kit

It is important and necessary to maintain a small first aid pharmacy at home, in your car or at work. Includes some basic tools recommended for keeping in an ambulance bag, Whether at home or in the car, The following: [2]

  1. Sterile bandages of different sizes.
  2. Porous medical tapes.
  3. Triangular straps are used to secure bandages or hang around the neck to secure the arms.
  4. Medical cotton.
  5. Kalamine fat, It is used to treat skin problems, sunburn and tingling.
  6. Pain killers (e.g. aspirin or paracetamol)
  7. Tongs, scissors and pins installation.
  8. There are two types of thermometers, One is a normal adult thermometer, The other is a straight thermometer for children.
  9. Antiseptic solution.
  10. Wound stickers.
  11. Compresses can be cooled.
  12. A heat-suppressing drug.
  13. Ointment wounds.
  14. Lamp, paper and pen to take important notes.
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General guidelines

Before making rescue operations, Paramedics should take the following steps:

  1. Seek emergency medical assistance and remove the injured person from danger.
  2. Start with the most dangerous situations such as bleeding, apnea or major accidents (a large number of injuries), The classification of victims must then begin in accordance with the laws of the state (state plan to deal with major incidents), To name a few, UK plans for major incidents the US Government deals with major incidents, Each programme varies in terms of procedures and screening of injuries.
  3. Tests and first aid continue until your doctor arrives or the condition is taken to hospital.
  4. If the spine or rib cage is broken, Do not remove the victim from his position unless it is to keep him out of danger and put him on a straight strap.

Cardiac arrest and breathing

to restore circulation and breathing to the infected person, Follow the following steps:

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Ventilator

Artificial respiration is performed by blowing air into the patient (mouth to mouth):

  1. Close the victim’s nose and take a deep breath. Place the paramedic’s mouth on the patient’s mouth while rotating it around the patient’s mouth and closing it completely. Then take two breaths.
  2. If the patient’s heart is beating, Keep breathing every 4 seconds with a puff of air.
  3. When breathing returned to normal, The patient was placed in healing mode.

Heart massage

If there is no pulse, The paramedic begins to exert external pressure on the chest:

  1. The patient lies on his back on a solid surface.
  2. Compression site in the right place: where the sides of the ribs meet the cut in their lower center, Not on the ribs.
  3. The pressure is vertical down.
  4. Press 30 times in a row, Then the victim broadcast twice, Then press 30 times (2:30).
  5. Breathing and external pressure on the chest continue until the pulse and breathing return to the injured person. Put the injured person in recovery mode.
  6. If there are two paramedics, One will make it easier to breathe and the other will massage the heart.

Waking up

After healing from the pulse and breathing, the injured person is in a lateral waiting position, i.e. the injured person stays on his side with his head raised to free the airway and the ability to observe vital indicators (consciousness, breathing, pulse, The heat. ). Etc.). Don’t give the injured (unconscious) anything with your mouth.

Resuscitation of a child

The recovery method depends on the child’s age and size. SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME (SIDS) IS THE LEADING CAUSE OF CARDIAC AND RESPIRATORY FAILURE IN INFANTS AGED 1-8 MONTHS.

Infants and children under the age of eight

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Wound ambulance

The primary purpose of wound care is to stop bleeding and protect the wound from contamination, This is achieved by pressing directly on the wound with a clean and sterile cloth. The rope should not be tied to an injured one to stop the bleeding, This may lead to a complete interruption of circulation, This may lead to greater complications. Be careful to cleanse the wound and determine whether the wound was clean or contaminated, And if the wound he caused is contaminated, Make sure you get an anti-tetanus injection.

Greek Ambulance

After getting the sunken person out of the water, Quickly remove plankton from the nose and mouth, Then he lay on his back, And turn the head down the body level, Then turn left and right, Gently press the abdomen. Once there is respiratory failure, Immediately perform artificial respiration.

Sunstroke

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A serious condition occurs in hot climates because the body is unable to dissipate heat and disrupts the mechanism of perspiration evaporation to lower body temperature.

Symptoms

  1. Not feeling comfortable.
  2. The patient may develop dizziness.
  3. There may be redness and dryness of the skin.
  4. The skin shines and feels the heat.
  5. Speed of loss of consciousness.
  6. A fast and strong pulse.
  7. The body temperature will rise to 40 degrees Fahrenheit (104 degrees Fahrenheit) or higher.

Ambulance

  1. Extend the injured in a cool place and undress.
  2. Wet your body with warm or slightly cold water.
  3. Ventilate his body with your hands or with an electric fan.
  4. Call medical assistance quickly.

Sting of scorpions and snakes

Their seriousness varies depending on the type of scorpion and snake, But it is usually a serious emergency that must be dealt with immediately. Some types of stings can be fatal because poison can paralyze the patient’s muscles and even the diaphragm, Which causes breathing to stop.

Ambulance

The treatment for this condition is to stop the spread of poison in the body and try to remove the poison from the body, Represented by giving the antidote to poison. First aid steps for victims of scorpion and snake stings include:

Burn ambulance

The burns were treated after the victim was evacuated, the fire extinguished and calmed down. Gently undress or cut around the burned area. Fat should not have any material damage or cover the burn.

Oral poisoning

Poisoning is a group of disorders in the body’s functions caused by the absorption of foreign substances (toxins), While poison is a substance that enters the body in sufficient quantities to cause temporary or permanent damage.

Next steps must be taken when dealing with poisonings

  1. Ask the injured person before he loses consciousness of what happened.
  2. Call an ambulance quickly and tell them about the injured person.
  3. If the poison is a chemical, The patient should not vomit, You should not try to cool the patient by giving the patient water or milk.
  4. If the toxic substance is not corrosive, Or it wasn’t petroleum derivatives, The victim was not in shock or coma, An attempt can be made to make the victim vomit by placing a finger in the victim’s throat. And give him something to drink.
  5. If the patient is unconscious and breathing remains normal, It must be put in recovery mode.
  6. If breathing stops and heart rate, CPR should start immediately.
  7. Precautions must be taken to prevent detoxification to caregivers.
  8. You should be taken to hospital quickly. Take a vomit sample and any packages nearby to the hospital for examination.

Electrocution accidents

Electric shock accidents are accidents that occur at home and in the workplace and range from electric shocks (** minor] to serious and fatal shocks. Injuries resulting from electric shocks resulting from burns and fractures, Bones have constant electrical resistance from these circuits, which cause high bone temperatures, which can lead to reversed burns. Electric shocks can also cause a heart attack.

Here are the first aid steps for those who are in electric shock:

  1. Cut off the power first.
  2. Keeping the injured away from the source of the current
  3. Check the injured person and check the extent of the damage
  4. If the patient is conscious, It is best to go to the emergency room to make sure there are no broken bones or internal burns.
  5. If the patient loses consciousness, An ambulance should be called quickly or the patient taken to the nearest hospital.
  6. Electric shock can cause burns or heart failure. If that fails, Perform CPR.

Fractions

Fractures are a frequent emergency at home and in the workplace due to slipping or falling from heights, It is one of the most common injuries in traffic accidents, sports, etc. There are many types of fractures, Including minor fractures, And composite fractures, And closed fractures, And open fractures.

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When treating the fracture, You should follow the following steps:

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